Beyoğlu area

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Beyoğlu area
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General information of the area

Beyoğlu District

Beyo ازlu is one of the European regions of Istanbul, which is bordered by Kait Hane and شişli regions to the north, Beşiktaş and Bosphorus Strait to the east, and Halic, which is called the Golden Horn of Istanbul, to the west. It has 45 neighborhoods. .
Beyoglu district has a very rich history and is historically the most important district of Istanbul.

In the 19th century, as a result of the integration of the Ottoman Empire with the world capitalist system, Beyoglu became a center of international trade, and the region as a whole developed in the 19th century.

As you know, one of the most famous and lively streets in this area is Esteghlal Street. A street with a historical and old texture full of memories of yesterday and today generations with big and stylish stores of all reputable brands.
Beyoglu, Grand Pra and Demir Oren are some of the shopping malls in the area.

There are many sights and historical monuments in Beyoglu district
Galatasaray Square, Jahangir Street, Taksim Square, Rumi Galata House, 100-year-old Egyptian apartments, Kamundo Stairs, Galata Tower, Ataturk Room Museum, Istanbul Pra Museum, Madame Tussauds, Artillery Palace, etc.
Due to its touristy nature, this area accommodates many hotels and apartment hotels. Among the five-star hotels are the Sofitel Taksim Hotel, the Hotel de Caracas, the Prapalas Hotel and the Titanic City Hotel.

Among the hospitals in Beyoglu district, we can mention Gomus Soyo and Qasem Pasha military hospitals.

Beyoglu district has many educational institutions, including the Central Campus of the Faculty of Fine Arts, the University of Architecture, Okan University and Istanbul’s University.

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Halich - The Golden Horn (Haliç)

Beyoğlu District

The Golden Horn of Istanbul (English: Golden Horn, Turkish: Altın Boynuz), also known asHaliç in modern Turkish, is a horn-shaped gorge in the European part of Istanbul that is fed by two rivers. The Golden Horn is a natural harbor anchored by Ottoman and Byzantine fleets and merchant ships. Today, the Golden Horn is surrounded by parks, promenades and ancient sites. The name of the waterway is derived from the golden reflection of the sunset light on the surface of the water.

The Golden Horn was a popular commercial port and residential area during the Byzantine period. The entrance to the port was closed with a large chain to prevent unwanted ships from entering. During the Ottoman period, the Golden Horn was occupied mainly by Spanish Jewish immigrants. The mix of Armenians, Greeks, Gypsies and Turks living along the shores of the harbor turned the city into a colorful mosaic of tribes.

In the early 16th century, Leonardo da Vinci planned to build a bridge over the Golden Horn for the Sultan. The bridge was supposed to be one piece, 240 meters long, 8 meters wide and 24 meters high above the water level, but it was never built.

In the first half of the 18th century, the Golden Horn was famous for its tulip gardens; Wealthy people came here to enjoy these gardens and sailed with their boats to the sunset. Many poets called this place “Saadabad”. Later, in 1880, the Cibali Cigarette Factory and other factories, now home to one of Istanbul’s private universities, were built and became the golden horn of industry.

With the population explosion in the 1950s and the existence of ineffective building laws, the Golden Horn became a stinking dump of the city’s gray sewage and industrial waste. But in the 1980s, an urban cleanup began, during which factories were cleaned and proper sewer systems were built around the Golden Horn. Today, the Golden Horn beaches have once again been turned into a green space by parks, promenades and playgrounds. More measures are still needed, but at least people do not have to change course due to the bad smell and can even go fishing here.

Fener andBalatare two old Golden Horn neighborhoods that include traditional old wooden houses, Byzantine churches, and a number of old tombs belonging to the first Jewish community living here. The orthodox patriarchal congregation also resides in this place.

The neighborhood of Eyup, located at the end of the Golden Horn, is an important neighborhood for Muslims to worship and visit the tomb of Ayub al-Ansari, the companion of Prophet Muhammad, who died during the siege of Constantinople by the Arabs in the 7th century. The area around the mosque and the hills are full of cemeteries belonging to the Ottoman era. Pierre LotiCafé, perched on a hill overlooking the temple, is a quiet place to enjoy traditional Turkish coffee and tea while enjoying the view of the Golden Horn.

Golden Horn Bridges

Before the 19th century, there was no bridge over the Golden Horn of Istanbul. Transportation between the two shores was done by small boats. The first Galata Bridge, which connects present-day Karakoy to Amin Ono, was built in 1836 and rebuilt in 1845, 1912 and finally in 1993.

The Unkapani Bridge, also known as the Ataturk Bridge, is located above the Golden Horn and controls the flow of traffic betweenSaraçhane and Saraçhane.

The third Golden Horn Bridge in Istanbul is called Halic Bridge and the highway passes through it.

The fourth bridge, the Golden Horn Metro Bridge, is a pedestrian crossing that was completed in 2014 and crosses theM2line of the Istanbul Metro over the Golden Horn.

History of the Golden Horn

Archaeological evidence shows that at least in the 7th century BC there was a considerable urban space around and located on the Golden Horn, and considering the recent discoveries of ancient ports, warehouses and fleets of merchant ships in The length of construction of the Yenikapı metro station and the Marmara Tunnel project were found, the smaller sites date back to 6700 BC.

In fact, the natural and deep bay created by the Golden Horn has always been a major economic attraction and a strategic military advantage for the inhabitants of the region, and the Eastern Roman colonizers as the new Rome (Nova Roma, renamed Byzantium, Constantinople, and eventually Istanbul, built the Golden Horn along the shores of the Gulf, were no exception.

The naval base of the Byzantine Empire was located in the Golden Horn, and walls were built along the coastline to protect the city of Constantinople from naval attacks. A large chain was drawn at the northern entrance of the Golden Horn, from Constantinople to the old Galata Tower, to prevent unwanted ships from entering. Known as the “Great Tower” (Megàlos Pyrgos) among the Byzantines, it was severely destroyed by Latin Crusaders during the Fourth Crusade in 1204.

In 1348, the Genoese built a new tower nearby called the “Tower of Christ” (Christea Turris), which was later called the Galata Tower. The golden horn chain has been significantly broken or circumvented three times. In the 10th century, the Russians pulled their long ships out of the Bosphorus, guided them around Galata, and launched them into the Golden Horn; However, the Byzantines defeated them with Greek fire (a firearm invented by the Byzantines).

After the conquest of Constantinople by the Ottomans in 1453, Muhammad II settled the Greek tribes along the Golden Horn in Fener. Balad was still occupied by the Jews (just like in the Byzantine era) but after the conquest of the city many Jews decided to leave. When Bayezid II invited the exiled Jews to Spain to live in Balad, the place was again crowded.

In 1502, Leonardo da Vinci painted a 240-meter bridge over the Golden Horn as part of a civil engineering project for Sultan Bayezid II. Today, Leonardo da Vinci’s paintings and notes on the bridge are on display at the Museo della Scienza e della Tecnologiain Milan, Italy. Although the original design never came to fruition, when a small footbridge based on the Da Vinci design near Åsin Norway was built by Vebjørn Sand, the Da Vinci Golden Horn Bridge design was revived in 2001.

By the 1980s, industrial wastes from factories, warehouses, and shipyards had polluted the shores of the Golden Horn. Since then, these places have been cleared and fish, wildlife and plants have been revived.

Today, both sides of the Golden Horn are residential and there are parks along each beach. The Istanbul Chamber of Commerce and several Muslim, Jewish and Christian cemeteries are located along the coast. Museums, Congress halls, cultural halls, Turkish naval support centers and the campuses of several universities are among the other institutions located along the Golden Horn.

Among the places that are recommended to be sure to visit are: He mentioned the Ayub Mosque complex, the tombs around the mosque, Fashaneh, Miniaturk, Koç Museum of Mercy, Istanbul Central Museum,Akmanoğlu FırınıConfectionery, Lale Lokantasi Restaurant and Pierre LotiCafe. .

Today, the rich history and natural beauty of the Golden Horn has made it one of the most popular tourist attractions and is visited by 10 million international visitors every year.

When it comes to the name of Istanbul, most of us remember the excitement that arises in this city, which is often the reason why many travelers intend to travel to Istanbul every year. In this article from Elie Gesht Tourism Magazine, we are going to talk about Esteghlal Street in Istanbul, a busy and lively street that resembles our Valiasr Street with all its indescribable excitement. To explore this street, you need at least one day to walk 1.4 km and spectacular back alleys. But the charms of this street do not end with walking and watching its shops, and there are historical attractions such as churches and spectacular mosques, which we will mention in the following. Follow us to learn more about Esteghlal Street in Istanbul.

As mentioned above, Esteghlal Street in Istanbul is one of the busiest streets in the city and millions of people pass through it every day. On this 1.4 km street, there are colorful shops and exciting food shops, as well as many historical attractions. The buildings on this street each date back to the Ottoman period. At that time, elders, intellectuals and the rich often lived on this street. If we want to imagine the real feeling for you, when you walk in this street, you have to imagine that the space is filled with the smell of cobs and grilled corn, and street musicians are playing music in the corners, the nostalgia of the story is there. The famous red tram also passes by you and the feeling of postcard photos becomes a reality for you.

A brief history of Esteghlal Street in Istanbul

At that time, elders, intellectuals and the rich often lived on this street. After the Turkish War, which led to the country’s independence in 1923, the street was renamed Esteghlal, but in the 1970s, ignoring the conditions of the street turned it into an unfavorable environment. The Istanbul Local Council decided to do something about the street, spending millions of dollars to make it look attractive and impressive today.

Visit churches, mosques and places of worship

There are few churches here, but the largest and best is the Church of St. Anthony of Padua. The neo-Gothic architecture inside the church is very attractive. This church is a place of worship for Christians living in the Muslim country of Turkey. If you are interested in religious buildings, you may also like the Sunday spiritual tour. In this tour, you will visit the most important churches, mosques and places of worship on Esteghlal Street and the surrounding neighborhoods.

Other historic sites to visit on Istanbul’s Esteghlal Street include the Gregorian Armenian Church, the Roman Catholic Church, the Greek Orthodox Church, the Rumi Galata House, the Crimean Memorial Church, the Jewish Synagogue, one of Istanbul’s oldest mosques, an underground mosque and a local church. They are on the roof of the Russian Orthodox Church.

Shop on Esteghlal Street

In this street, it is very easy to empty the bank account in a few minutes with items such as clothes, decoration items, sports equipment, perfume and… that are for sale! Many stores are branded chain stores and therefore you can not bargain for prices and get discounts. Instead, you can go to local shopkeepers who are on both sides of the street, sitting with you, drinking apple tea, and talking to you about the price you want to pay; This is the traditional way of bargaining in Istanbul!

Visit the art galleries on this street!

In the back alleys of Esteghlal Street, there are galleries like the Pra Museum, which houses one of the most expensive paintings in Turkey. There are small exhibitions in the Galata area that display works by Turkish and international artists. If you are interested in artwork but do not want to go to galleries, try street paintings. In some parts of Istanbul, the works of the most famous artists of Istanbul are displayed in the form of street paintings.

Go to Chichek Passage or Flower Passage

There is a passage on Esteghlal Street in Istanbul called Çiçek or Flower Passage, which is a famous historical place with many cafes and restaurants. In the past, this passage was a theater that was destroyed by fire, and after the Russian Revolution in 1319, Russian women, who were formerly in the wealthy class, sold flowers in this place, which later led to the name of Flower Passage. Give this place. The building has a unique architecture and you can walk past its domed arch and have a coffee.

Museum of Muslim Dervishes

As we said, this street has historical attractions besides exciting shops and restaurants. A symbol of the people of Hazrat Rumi, which is located in this street as the Museum of Muslim Dervishes, which is one of the most famous houses of dervishes, and in it you can see their clothes, tools and books. In addition, the museum also hosts programs based on the rotating dances of dervishes, which are actually designed to keep the museum alive.

Nights of Esteghlal Street in Istanbul

You will never see the Bioلوlu area quiet, the Bioلوlu area on Esteghlal Street has very lively nightlife and along the street there are street parties, cafes with exciting drinks and restaurants serving traditional food. Turki provides memorable nights, especially for travelers. There is also an old 19th-century building with a 360-degree view of Istanbul’s skyline.

Delicious food on Esteghlal Street

There are many options for fun and entertainment on Esteghlal Street in Istanbul, one of which is the cheap street food that you can find in its shops, including stuffed oysters, pastries that are on this street They are constantly being baked and sold. Yeni Lucanta restaurant is one of the best on Esteghlal Street in Istanbul where you can try its delicious food.

French Street French Street

One of the most attractive streets inside Esteghlal Street in Istanbul is the colorful French street, which has narrow alleys and back alleys. For those who love photography, this street is a paradise of subjects and attractions. These restaurants also serve the same traditional Turkish food, and you should know that the only reason they named this street French is the decor and colorful buildings of this street.
In order to reach the French street in Istanbul, you can go to the Galatasaray tram station and then enter Yeni Çaraşi street and walk 300 meters to see the colors of this attractive street.

Church of St. Antoine Church of St. Antoine

There is a church called Saint Antoine on Esteghlal Street in Istanbul, which was built in the 20th century and has a white and red facade. This church is one of the most important Catholic churches in Istanbul and is very popular among the people of Istanbul. This church is on Istanbul Street and to visit it, look for number 171.

Photography on Esteghlal Street

This street is a great place for those novice and experienced photographers who want to take a deeper look at everyday life in Istanbul. You can start your photography from Esteghlal Street and its important buildings and go to the Kalata Tower area.

Taksim Square

Beyoğlu District

You must have heard the name of Taksim Square a lot by now! Perhaps in two ways; One is because of the trips that many of your friends and acquaintances have made to Istanbul and they have mentioned this square a lot, and the other is because of the protest rallies that were held many times in Istanbul and this square was named as the main place of gatherings. Taksim, meaning division or distribution, is the name of a place from which water collects from its collection point in the north of Istanbul and goes to other parts of the city. Taksim Square, as the most important square in Istanbul, where many developments and events take place, is located in the European part of Istanbul and is a place for ordinary local meetings, which is full of restaurants, shops and hotels, and in fact modern Istanbul. You can experience here.

It is best to start your tour of Taksim from the Republic Monument, located in the middle of Taksim Square. This magnificent building is the work of the famous Italian sculptor Pietro Canonica. It was built to mark the fifth anniversary of the Turkish government becoming a republic in 1923, following the Turkish War of Independence, led by the likes of Ataturk and Esmat Inanlu.

Use of different means of transportation

Taksim Square is an important public transport hub in Turkey. This square is used as the main transfer point of the city bus system and the central station of the Istanbul metro network is also here. Also, the inherited tram line starts from this square. Of course, you can get off in different parts of the city along the route. Going to the “Tunnel Square” by tram and then walking back to Taksim can also be an interesting idea for sightseeing in this area.

Visit Ataturk Cultural Center

Other things you can do in Taksim are visit the Ataturk Cultural Center. Ataturk Cultural Center, orAKM, is a multi-purpose cultural center and opera house with an unknown fate due to the government’s development plans. The Ataturk Cultural Center building is an important example of Turkish architecture in the 1960s. The center hosts the Turkish National Theater, Opera and Ballet, symphony orchestra concerts, modern folk (folk) group, the Istanbul National Choir and the Turkish Classical Music Choir, as well as the Summer Art and Culture Festival. It is a pleasure to see the legendary building of the cultural center at night with its lights on.

Souvenir buying

Taksim next to Istanbul Grand Bazaar is one of the best places in the whole city to buy souvenirs. In Taksim you can find a variety of shops including clothing stores, bookstores, jewelry stores, and handicrafts. If you do not want to bore yourself, it is better to spend more than one day shopping in Taksim.

If you do not want to bore yourself, it is better to spend more than one day shopping in Taksim.

After sightseeing in Taksim Square, it is better to go to one of the countless eateries around the square for a little rest and food. These eateries include a large number of restaurants and cafes and international fast food chain restaurants and eateries that serve traditional food. To have a completely new and special Turkish experience, you need to try your favorite Turkish street food such as Islek (hamburger made with tomato and vegetable sauce) and Doner (sandwich containing beef or chicken). . If you prefer something lighter, you can try another street food like corn with butter and salt.

List of neighborhoods in Beyoglu district

The name of the neighborhood in Turkish The name of the neighborhood in Turkish

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